A Posterior Cervical Fixation Instrument Set is a collection of surgical instruments that are used to stabilize and immobilize the cervical spine from the posterior approach. These sets are commonly used in surgeries that aim to address cervical fractures, dislocations, and deformities.
Some of the instruments that can be found in a typical Posterior Cervical Fixation Instrument Set include:
Cervical spine retractors - these are used to hold back the soft tissues and muscles of the neck to provide access to the cervical vertebrae.
Pedicle probes - these instruments are used to identify the location of the pedicle and facilitate the insertion of screws.
Screwdrivers - these are used to insert the screws into the cervical vertebrae.
Plate benders - these are used to shape the cervical spine plates to fit the contours of the vertebrae.
Rod benders - these are used to bend and contour the rods used to connect the screws and plates.
Reduction forceps - these are used to gently manipulate the cervical spine to correct deformities or misalignments.
Bone cutters - these are used to remove a portion of the lamina or facet joint to create space for the instrumentation.
Drill bits - these are used to create holes in the cervical vertebrae for the screws to be inserted.
Overall, a Posterior Cervical Fixation Instrument Set is a specialized collection of surgical instruments that are designed to work together to facilitate the safe and effective stabilization of the cervical spine from the posterior approach.
In-situ Bending Iron Left
In-situ Bending Iron Right
Feeler for Screw Channel Bent
Feeler for Screw Channel Straight
Hex Nut Holder SW3.0
Hex Screwdriver SW3.0 Long
Drill Bit Ø2.4
Drill Bit Ø2.7
Mould Rod Ø3.5
Depth Gague 0-40mm
Crosslink Hex Screwdriver SW2.5 Short
Quick Coupling T-handle
Hole Open Forcep
Screw/Hook Holder Forcep
Rod Holder Forcep
Pedicle Screw Screwdriver
Insert Device for Fixation Pin
Parallel Compression Forcep
Quick Coupling Straight Handle
Features & Benefits
When it comes to cervical spine surgery, posterior cervical fixation (PCF) is a common procedure used to stabilize and fuse the vertebrae. The PCF instrument set is a crucial component of this procedure and comprises a variety of instruments used to access the posterior aspect of the cervical spine, prepare the bone, and insert screws or rods for fixation. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the PCF instrument set, its components, and the surgical techniques used to perform PCF.
Posterior cervical fixation is a surgical procedure that involves the use of screws or rods to stabilize the cervical spine from the back of the neck. It is performed to treat a range of conditions, including spinal fractures, tumors, deformities, and instability.
PCF is typically performed when there is instability or abnormal motion in the cervical spine. The following are some of the common indications for PCF:
Trauma or fractures of the cervical spine
Degenerative disc disease
Spinal tumors or infections
There are several types of PCF techniques, including:
Posterior cervical fusion
Posterior cervical laminectomy and fusion
Posterior cervical laminoplasty and fusion
Posterior cervical pedicle screw fixation
The type of PCF used depends on the specific condition being treated and the surgeon's preference.
The basic instruments included in the PCF set are:
Dissector: used to separate the soft tissue from the bone
Kerrison Rongeur: used to remove the lamina bone
Pituitary Rongeur: used to remove the soft tissue and bone
Curette: used to remove the bone debris
Elevator: used to elevate the soft tissue from the bone
Periosteal Elevator: used to detach the periosteum from the bone
The screw placement instruments included in the PCF set are:
Awl: used to create a pilot hole for the screw
Pedicle Probe: used to determine the trajectory of the screw
Pedicle Screwdriver: used to insert the screw into the pedicle
Set Screwdriver: used to insert the set screw to fix the rod to the screw
The rod insertion instruments included in the PCF set are:
Rod Bender: used to bend the rod to the desired shape
Rod Cutter: used to cut the rod to the desired length
Rod Holder: used to hold the rod during insertion
Rod Inserter: used to insert the rod into the screw heads
Before the surgery, the surgeon will perform a comprehensive evaluation of the patient's condition and obtain relevant imaging studies. The surgeon will use this information to plan the surgical approach, determine the appropriate instrumentation, and select the appropriate implant size.
The patient is positioned prone on the operating table, and a midline incision is made over the appropriate level of the spine. The muscles and soft tissue are carefully dissected to expose the spinous processes and laminae.
The screw placement instruments are used to create pilot holes in the pedicles, followed by the insertion of the pedicle screws. The screw heads are then connected with a rod, and the set screws are used to secure the rod to the screws.
After the screws and rods are inserted, the bone graft material is placed over the exposed spinal segments. This material will eventually fuse with the bone to create a stable and permanent fusion.
The muscles and soft tissue are closed, and the wound is covered with a sterile dressing. The patient is then monitored closely in the recovery room before being transferred to the hospital ward.
PCF has been shown to have reduced blood loss compared to other cervical spine surgeries, resulting in less need for blood transfusions.
PCF provides improved stability and reduces the risk of implant failure, resulting in a more successful surgery.
Studies have shown that PCF results in improved patient outcomes, including reduced pain and improved function and mobility.
While PCF is generally a safe and effective procedure, there are potential complications that can occur. These include:
How long does it take to recover from PCF surgery?
Recovery time can vary, but most patients can return to their normal activities within 6-8 weeks.
What type of anesthesia is used for PCF surgery?
General anesthesia is typically used for PCF surgery.
Can PCF surgery be performed as an outpatient procedure?
PCF surgery is typically performed in a hospital setting and requires an overnight stay.
Will I need physical therapy after PCF surgery?
Physical therapy may be recommended after PCF surgery to help with recovery and improve mobility.
What is the success rate of PCF surgery?
The success rate of PCF surgery varies depending on the specific condition being treated and the patient's individual circumstances. However, studies have shown a high success rate for PCF surgery in improving patient outcomes.
Posterior cervical fixation is a common surgical procedure used to stabilize and fuse the cervical spine. The PCF instrument set is a crucial component of this procedure, comprising a variety of instruments used to access the posterior aspect of the cervical spine, prepare the bone, and insert screws or rods for fixation. While PCF is generally a safe and effective procedure, there are potential complications that can occur. Patients should discuss the risks and benefits of PCF with their surgeon before undergoing the procedure.